Indigenous Flowers of Georgia and Its Specie
If you are looking for beautiful flowers, Georgia is the right place
for you. Georgia is home to an estimated 46 indigenous flowers that
grow out in the wild. Indigenous flowers Georgia blooms in many
ranges of different shades and colors.
From the month of April to October, expect to be graced with
beautiful blooms of Twin Flower or the Oblong-leaf Snakeherb. This
particular indigenous flower bears lavender flowers that are
trumpet-shaped. The sand hills and the pinelands are the natural
habitats of Oblong-leaf Snakeherb.
A daisy-like flower with shades of bright yellow known as the Early
Coreopsis or the Lobed Trickseed also blooms from the month of April
through May. Flowers of this particular specie spread on the ground
through its runners. There’s also the Blue Dogbane otherwise known
as the Eastern Bluestar with clustered star-shaped flowers of sky
Georgia also has indigenous flowers that bloom around the fall
season. There’s the Climbing Aster with its abundant pinkish
flowers. This shrub blooms its indigenous flowers from the month of
September all throughout November. From August to the month of
September, you’ll find an indigenous flower alternatively called as
the Large Blazing Stare or the Devil’s bite which belongs to the
Aster family. This specie of flower has spikes of cluster ray-heads
with the shade of pink to lavender.
Other indigenous flowers of the Aster family are the White Bushy
Aster which has ray flowers of the shade of white to pale lavender
or disk flowers of brown shade to pale yellow. It blooms abundantly
around marshy habitat such as the Great Lakes ‘til the month of
October. While the Rough-stemmed Goldenrod bears small beautiful
In the month of November, the Swamp Sunflower blooms its daisy-like
flowers in colors of yellow with its end branches in shades of
purple-brown. The Pale-Purple Coneflower provides the prairies with
magnificent wreaths from the month of May to July. These indigenous
flowers come in white to lavender flower heads that also grows on
pinelands and wooded hillsides.
The Cherokee rose or the Rosa laevigata on the other hand is the
official indigenous flower emblem of the state of Georgia. It was
officially declared and made official in August 18, 1916 with the
approval of Governor Nathaniel Harris. Georgia’s Federation of
Women’s Club fully supported this event.
Cherokee rose is quite unique with an exquisite appeal. You’ll find
3 to 5 tooth-like leaves on this particular flower. This feature
helps differentiate Chickasaw rose or Rosa bracteata from Cherokee
rose or Rosa laevigata. It blooms early during the spring and
sometimes blossoms for the second season during each year’s fall.
The flower features yellow or dominant gold clusters of stamens at
its center. Petals are waxy with flat-like appearance that comes in
the shade of light pink with thorny green leaves.
Indigenous flowers Georgia are also in need of conservation. Some of
the species of indigenous flowers found in the state of Georgia are
facing rarity and even extinction. There are laws that protect the
existence of these indigenous flowers and there are groups that
fight to keep their existence.
Georgia is home to a wide range of beautiful flowers that grow in
the wild. These indigenous plants, grown with proper care, can also
add to the splendor of backyard landscapes.
Georgia has about 46 indigenous wild flowers with blooms
ranging in colors. Those that bloom starting in the month of April
include the Twin Flower. Otherwise known as the Oblong-leaf
Snakeherb, it bears trumpet-shaped lavender flowers. Although its
natural habitats are the pinelands and the sandhills, this is easy
to grow in nurseries and its flowers come out from April to
October. Another April blossom is the Eastern Bluestar, otherwise
known as the Blue Dogbane, has clustered sky blue star-shaped
flowers. The Lobed Trickseed, or the Early Coreopsis, also blooms
from April to May. It has bright yellow daisy-like flowers and
spreads around the ground via its runners.
There are also some of Georgia’s indigenous flowers that bloom
in late fall, such as the Climbing Aster. It can be a shrub or a
vine which bears large pinkish flowers abundantly from September to
November. The Swamp Sunflower also blooms until the month of
November. It has daisy-like flowers – yellow and purple-brown in
color – at the ends of its branches. It can adapt to moist or dry
conditions. Another of the late blooms is the Large Blazing Stare,
alternatively called the Devil’s bite, of the Aster family which
blooms from August to September. It has a spike of ray-less
pink-lavender heads in clusters. Other Asters such as the
Rough-stemmed Goldenrod and the White Bushy Aster bloom until
October. The former bears small yellow flowers while the latter has
white or pale lavender ray flowers, or pale yellow to brown disk
flowers. The Bushy Aster can be found abundantly around the Great
Lakes as it loves a sandy or marshy habitat.
There is also the Aster that provides the prairies a
magnificent wreath fro May to July – the Pale Purple Coneflower.
Aside form the prairies, they grown on wooded hillsides and
pinelands. They have lavender or white flower heads.
However, some wild flowers indigenous to Georgia may be
strikingly beautiful, but are actually poisonous if ingested. One
of these is the Great Lobelia, of the Bellflower family, which has
bright blue flowers. The root of this can cause vomiting and its
leaves and seeds are also poisonous. Also of the Bellflowers is the
Cardinal Flower which is also poisonous. It bears attractive
flowers looking like flaming red spires.
Another indigenous flower genus that can be found in Georgia
which is poisonous is the Asclepias. The Swamp Milkweed and the
Butterfly Weed belong to this genus. The first bears deep pink
flowers clustered on the tip of a stem. The latter has small bright
orange flowers also clustered atop a hairy stem. Although
attractive looking, the sap of some of the Asclepias can cause skin
irritation and others are even fatal in toxicity. The Butterfly
Weed’s root though was used by the Indians as a cure for pleurisy
and other pulmonary ailments.
Indigenous Flowers in Georgia
The Cherokee rose or the Rosa laevigata was designated upon a joint
resolution by a General Assembly to be the official flower emblem of
Georgia in August 18, 1916 approved by Governor Nathaniel Harris.
This was given full support by Georgia Federation of Women’s Club.
The Cherokee Indians were responsible in popularizing the plant. As
the early inhabitants to the American Indian villages of the
Cherokees and Creeks they became fond of the flowering plants. They
find the flowers best for gardens and decorations and thus were
taken as the native flower of the people group. Dr. Charles Mohr,
himself, expressed the confusing part on ways and manner of how a
plant or flower is being introduced, officially becomes native or
naturalized by a certain locality.
There are however, legends that speak of the origin of the Cherokee
rose. This was the period when the Cherokee mothers were deeply
grieved because their children could not survive during their
journey. The so called Trail of Tears took place in 1838. The
leaders of the tribe ardently prayed to the spirits for strength to
go on and successfully finish their travel to their new land. As
their tears fell to the ground during late afternoons and throughout
the night, they were astonished to see white roses the next morning.
History speaks that the white colour of the rose represented their
tears and the golden centre were that of the Cherokee lands. The
seven leaves on the rose undoubtedly symbolized their seven clans.
Today, the flowers bloom in Oklahoma where the said Trail of Tears
Thorny but with vibrant green leaves, the rose has its own unique
and exquisite appeal. There are at least 3 tooth liked leafs of the
flower and sometimes more than five. This determines and
differentiates it from Chickasaw Rose or the Rosa bracteata. With a
dominant gold or a cluster of yellow stamens at the centre, Cherokee
rose flourishes at early spring. There is sometimes a second season
for the flower to blossom in the fall of each year. Blooming season
are usually short between March and April. Their waxy white petals
appear to be flat and can have at least up to five of them in one
flower. Sometimes they come in light pink.
The flowers amusingly climb to certain heights with stems that can
grow up to 20 feet long. Stems can take root after awhile when they
are left on the ground. Thorns are mostly curved and unfriendly.
They can sometimes be seen blooming along driveways, and outdoor
gardens of residents at Coastal Plains and Piedmont.
Fruits of the Cherokee rose are thick, coarse, and have pear-like
shapes. There are other species that grow in Japan and China.
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